History of Nepal brings us closer to the ancient and culture of the country.
History of Nepal goes back to the time of the Gopalas and Mahishapalas who are accepted to have been the soonest leaders of the valley with their capital at Matatirtha, the south-west corner of Kathmandu Valley. They were expelled by the Kirantis around the seventh or eighth Century B.C. The Kirantis are said to have ruled the valley for a long time following their triumph. Their renowned King Yalumber is even referenced in the 'Mahabharata' as he is said to have driven his soldiers to the epic fight. At that point around 300 A.D. the Lichhavis touched base from northern India and toppled the Kirantis. One of the inheritances of the Lichhavis is the Changu Narayan Temple close to Bhaktapur, and UNESCO World Heritage Site (Culture), which goes back to the fifth Century. In the mid seventh Century, their King Amshuvarma, offered his little girl Bhrikuti to the well-known Tibetan King TsongTsen Gampo, consequently building up great relations with Tibet. The Lichhavis carried craftsmanship and design to the valley however the brilliant time of inventiveness touched base in 1200 A.D after the Mallas vanquished them.
In Nepal’s History, the Malla’s constructed momentous temples and wonderfully planned royal residences with pleasant squares during their multi year rule. It was additionally during their standard that the valley society and the urban communities turned out to be efficient; fantastic religious celebrations were presented and writing, music, craftsmanship and dramatization were energized.Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan separated in to three different kingdoms after the death of King Yaksha Malla. At the time, Nepal as we probably am aware it today was separated into 46 free territories. One among these was the kingdom of Gorkha managed by a Shah ruler. Quite a bit of Kathmandu Valley's history around this time was recorded by Capuchin monks from Italy who lived in the valley on their way all through Tibet.
It is believed that in ancient history of Nepal, A yearning Gorkha King named Prithvi Narayan Shah left on an overcoming mission that prompted the thrashing of the considerable number of kingdoms in the valley (counting Kirtipur which was an autonomous state) by 1769. Rather than adding the recently obtained states to his kingdom of Gorkha, Prithvi Narayan chose to move his funding to Kathmandu, subsequently setting up the Shah dynasty which ruled brought together Nepal.
In February 1996, the Maoist gatherings announced a People's War against government and the chosen government. At that point on first June 2001, an awful disaster cleared out the whole illustrious group of Nepal including King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya alongside a large portion of their nearest relatives. With just King Birendra's sibling, Gyanendra and his family enduring, he was delegated ruler. King Gyanendra submitted to the chosen government's standard for a brief span, yet then rejected the chosen Parliament to use supreme power. In April 2006, another People's Movement was propelled together by the popularity based gatherings concentrating on Kathmandu, which prompted a 19-day check in time forced by the ruler. With the development not falling down and overlooking even the time limit, King Gyanendra in the long run surrendered his capacity and reestablished Parliament. On 21st November 2006, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist Chairman Prachanda consented to the Comprehensive Peace Arrangement (CPA) 2006, focusing on popular government and harmony for the advancement of the nation and individuals. The ruler was expelled and the decade long Maoist war on the state arrived at an end. A Constituent Assembly political race was hung on tenth April 2008. Also, on 28th May 2008, the recently chose Constituent Assembly proclaimed Nepal a Federal Democratic Republic, annulling the multi-year-old government. Nepal today has a President as Head of State and an intrinsically chosen Prime Minister heading the Government.